Raj Rewal



Raj Rewal is an Indian architect born in 1934 in Hoshiarpur, Punjab. He is considered one of the most important architects of Southeast Asia.

Biography

Raj Rawal was educated in Delhi and London, and began his career in Paris with Michel Ecochard before returning to India in the 1960s.

Along with Kuldip Singh, Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi, Achyut Kanvinde, and Charles Correa, he was an activist in the Indian architectural movement during the decolonization era in India.

He has taught at the School of Architecture and Urban Planning in New Delhi, as well as at MIT in Boston.

By the late 1970s, Rewal had been a leader in India for aggressive, large-boned structures that uphold the optimism of his first high-rise, the National Trade Fair, Delhi 1972.

Style

His style blends elements of traditional and contemporary architecture in a holistic approach, in order to respond to the problems of rapid urbanization, climate change, and to integrate technological and cultural aspects.

Combining modern architecture and regionalism is Rewal's stated goal. He is best known for designing 800 housing units for Asiad Village to accommodate athletes during the 1982 Asian Games in New Delhi. In this project, clay-brown exposed concrete and courtyards connected by walkways are reverences to traditional villages in Rajasthan. Rewal had previously studied the structure of narrow streets in Jaisalmer. After the Games ended, the apartments were sold to public employees.

Works

He is the author of numerous monuments: in New Delhi, he designed the Nehru Memorial Pavilion, the SCOPE Office Complex, the Village of the 1982 Asian Games, the National Institute of Immunology, the Indian Parliament Library and in Rohtak the Visual Arts Institutional Campus. In Portugal, he designed the Ismaili Center in Lisbon, and in China, in Beijing, the Indian Embassy in China.

The National Institute of Immunology in New Delhi (1983-1985), in beige exposed aggregate concrete and articulated by reddish-brown stripes, consists of larger and more compact building structures. The residential units are arranged around a square courtyard, with the adoption of Rajasthani building forms resulting in harmonious proportioning.

Bibliography

  • Giordano Tironi, Humanism and architecture: Raj Rewal, building for the Indian city, Paris, Éditions l'Age d'Homme, 2013, 307 pp. (ISBN 978-2-8251-4204-2)
  • Raj Rewal, Kenneth Framption and Suha Ozkan, Raj Rewal: Innovative Architecture and Tradition, Om Books International, 2014

Exhibitions

  • 2013-2014: Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris7, "Modernités plurielles, 1905-1970," which exhibits the architect's donation of models designed for New Delhi from 1970 to 1989.

Awards

Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of Architects Robert Matthew Award from the Commonwealth Association of Architects Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres from the French government.


Media

Visit our media section for a complete overview.



Keywords

Critical Regionalism
International Style
Kenneth Frampton
Postmodernism
Raj Rewal
Regionalism

Cite

DeepDove: Style Network (2021-09-21). Critical Regionalism | Raj Rewal. Retrieved , from

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This page was last changed on 2021-09-21.